CHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT OF Bulletin
Department of Chemistry provides academic programs leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Pure and Applied Chemistry. It also offers graduate work leading to the Master of Science (M.Sc.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Analytical Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry.
Areas of Research:
a) Analytical Chemistry
Supercritical Fluid Science and Technology
Application of High Pressure Systems and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide for:
· Extraction of oils using pressurized fluid extraction systems.
· Extraction of valuable materials from petroleum waste.
· Investigation of the solubility of acids, alcohols, esters, and trialkylamines.
· Synthesis of chemicals such as esters and ethers presently under consideration.
Separation and Ultra Trace Analysis:
· Using electrochemical methods, flow injection analysis (FIA), HPLC, GC, and spectroscopic techniques for developing new, simple, and highly sensitive methods for trace analysis of cations, anions, pharmaceuticals, and certain organic compounds.
· Applying FI to the extraction of anions and their determination.
· Applying electrochemical techniques using catalytic waves in the determination of different substances not directly measurable by electrochemical techniques or having a high limit of determination.
· Applying kinetic, catalytic, and spectrophotometric techniques in the determination of cations, pharmaceuticals, and anions through simple spectrophotometric and fluorimetric techniques.
· Development of sample preparation methods for trace determination of organic and inorganic compounds including single-drop microextraction (SDME); liquid-phase microextraction (LPME); selective solid-phase microextraction (SPME); selective solid-phase extraction (SPE); molecularly imprinted polymers (MIP); ion imprinted polymers (IIP) for the extraction and determination of pesticides, PAHs, detergents, phenols, other organic pollutants, and heavy metals in water, wastewater, foods, medicines, air, soil, and animal tissue.
Chemical and Biochemical Sensors
· Electrochemical and Optical Sensors, Biosensors, and Chemical sensors for the detection of several organic, inorganic, and pharmaceutical compounds in real samples.
· Application of nano-materials for enhancing sensor capabilities.
· Chemical instruments including Amperometry, Biamperometry, Coulometry, and Electronic Tongue presently under consideration as multidisciplinary joint research projects by both Chemistry and Electrical Engineering Departments of IUT.
Ion Mobility Spectrometry
· Design and construction of Ion Mobility Spectrometer (IMS) with different ionization sources for gas (corona discharge, flame, etc.) and liquid samples (electrospray)
· Hyphenated techniques of LC-IMS and GC-IMS
· Rapid and sensitive analysis of environmental pollutants & biological samples using IMS
· Application of statistical and mathematical methods to chemical problems.
· Chemometrics used in sampling, experimental design, optimization, and signal and image processing.
b) Inorganic Chemistry
· Synthesis and characterization of first row transition metal complexes with Schiff base ligands
· Solvatochromism, photochemistry, electrochemistry, and solid state reactions of Schiff base complexes
· Transition metal complexes of deprotonated and neutral teradentate pyridine amide ligands
· Synthesis of transition metal complexes
· Supramolecular chemistry
· Sensor material
· Inorganic electrochemistry
· Synthesis, spectroscopic, and electrochemical properties of ruthenium complexes
· Synthesis and electrochemical properties of metalloporphyrins
· Synthesis and characterization of optically active organometallic cyclopalladate complexes and their applications in asymmetric synthesis and characterization of cyclopalladated complexes
c) Organic Chemistry:
Preparative and Computational
· Preparation, structural study, reactivity and selectivity of metal oxides and mixed oxides
· Quantum mechanical investigation of the structure and reaction mechanism of alcohols over metal oxides and mixed oxides
· Conformation, dynamic NMR, and hydrogen bonding analysis of new derivatives of salicylic acid and hydrozino acetamide
· Quantum mechanical investigation of reaction mechanisms in heterocyclic compounds
Catalysis and Physical Organic Chemistry
· Development of new synthetic strategies and novel methods for the construction of lactams
· Application of heterogeneous catalysts in the synthesis of fine chemicals
· Application of different sorbents for elimination of harmful chemicals from nature
· Immobilization of enzyme on modified surfaces
· Synthesis and characterization of nano-catalysts and their application in organic synthesis
· Synthesis of new monomers and investigating their polymerization
· Polymerization of urazole derivatives under solid-state, microwave irradiation, ionic liquid, and classical heating conditions
· Synthesis and characterization of optically active polymers containing amino acid in the main chain as well as side chain under different conditions
· Using green chemistry in polymerization reactions
· Synthesis and characterization of nano-composite polymers
· Synthesis and characterization of new polyhydrazides and their metallization, salen & fluorescent Schiff base macrocycles, and polyhomologation reactions
Chemistry of Pharmaceuticals and Biologically Active Compounds
· Synthesis of biologically active materials; e.g., central nervous systems (C.N.S.), cardiovascular pharmaceutical agents, and other drugs
· Preparation of intermediates and starting materials for pharmaceutical companies
· Synthesis of asymmetric polymers
· Application of ionic liquids in organic synthesis
· Organic reaction under solvent free conditions and microwave
· Application of Pd, Zr, and other acid catalysts in organic synthesis
d) Physical Chemistry
Ion Mobility Spectrometry (IMS)
· Developing new IMS instruments for trace detection of chemicals and drugs
· Evaluation of different parameters on performance of IMS
· Developing new atmospheric chemical ionization sources
· Study of thermodynamics of ion molecule reactions by IMS
· Study of kinetics of electron attachment reactions and ion molecule reactions in drift tube
· Application of IMS in the study of particles
· Construction of different chemical sensors
· Construction of automatic gas analyzers
· Non-radioactive Electron Capture Detector
· Laser spectroscopy
· Laser mass spectrometry
· Construction of time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOF)
· Optogalvanic spectroscopy
· Atomic and molecular spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation
· Quantum Computational Chemistry
· PEMFC, DMFC, DAFC, SOFC
· Developing new electrocatalysts and MEAs
· Testing and diagnostics of single cell and fuel cell stack
· Using electrolyzers to develop new electrocatalysts for ammonia
· Water and chlor-alkali electrolysis cells
· Reforming catalysts
Thermodynamics of Equilibrium and Non-equilibrium Systems
· Development of general equations of state
· Non-equilibrium thermodynamic properties, calculation and prediction of transport properties of moderate and dense fluids via interaction potentials
· Room Temperature Ionic Liquids (RTILs) and their applications in green chemistry
· Gas storage in clathrate materials
· Amino acids, AA-ILs, alkali-disilicate glasses (M2Si2O5), pharmaceutical materials such as aspirin, solvation, etc.
· Two-phase systems containing RTIL/organic solvent, RTIL/water, RTIL/supercritical CO2
· Synthesis of nanoparticles
· Investigation of thermophysical properties of nanofluids
· Water-treatments, an application of nanoparticles
· Theoretical investigation of thermodynamic properties of confined fluids and nanofluids using the density functional theory
· Application of the Tsallis statistical mechanics to nanoclusters
Main Research Facilities
· NMR Spectrometer
· Infrared Spectrophotometer
· Gas Chromatographs
· High Performance Liquid Chromatograph
· Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer
· Photolysis Set
· Flow Injection Analysis System
· Supercritical Fluid Extraction System
· Electrochemical Sets
· Simultaneous Steam Distillation & Solvent Extraction Set
· UV-Vis Spectrophotometer
· Automatic Titration System
· TOF Mass Spectrometer
· Ion Mobility Spectrometers
· Nd-YAG Laser
· Dye Laser
Program Objectives and Career Prospects
The degree program at the baccalaureate level is designed for students preparing for professional careers as chemists in industry, academic researchers, and related professions, or for further graduate training in chemistry.
Undergraduate students must take 20 credit hours in general courses, 26 credit hours in basic science courses, 71 credit hours in Core courses, and 15 credit hours in elective courses (132 credits in total) to qualify for the Degree of B.Sc. in Chemistry.
Curriculum for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry
Concentration: Pure Chemistry